Po Eun Tul

Pattern Definition & Diagram

Po Eun Diagram

Po Eun Diagram

(36 Movements).┬áPO-EUN is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Click the “next” and “previous” arrows on the image below to step through this pattern.

  • Po-Eun: StartParallel Ready Stance with Heavenly Hand (Hanalson)
  • Move: 1Move the left foot to B, forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a middle guarding block to B with the forearm.
  • Move: 2Pull the right foot to the left knee joint to form a left one-leg stance toward D, at the same time lifting both fists while turning the face toward A.
  • Move: 3Execute a pressing kick to A with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 2.
  • Move: 4Lower the right foot to A to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle side strike to A with the right knife-hand.
  • Move: 5Execute an angle punch with the left fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 6Execute a pressing block with the left, fore fist while executing a side front block with the right inner forearm, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 7Execute a pressing block with the right fore fist and a side front block with the left inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 8Execute a middle wedging block with the inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 9Thrust to C with the right back elbow supporting the right fore fist with the left palm keeping the face as it was in 8 while maintaining a sitting stance towards D.
  • Move: 10Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist slipping the left palm up to the right elbow joint while maintaining a sitting stance toward D
  • Move: 11Thrust to C with the left back elbow supporting the left fore fist with right palm, keeping the face as it was in 10 while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 12Execute a right horizontal punch to A while maintaining a sitting stance toward D. Perform 6 through 12 in a continuous motion.
  • Move: 13Cross the left foot over the right foot forming a right X-stance toward D while executing a low front block to D with the right outer forearm and bringing the left finger belly on the right under forearm.
  • Move: 14Move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A at the same time executing a U-shape grasp to A.
  • Move: 15Bring the left foot to the right foot forming a closed stance toward D while executing a horizontal thrust with a twin elbow, turning the face toward B. Perform in slow motion.
  • Move: 16Move the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the right back fist and extending the left arm to the side downward.
  • Move: 17Cross the right foot over the left foot forming a left X-stance toward D while executing a low front block with the left outer forearm and bringing the right finger belly to the left side fist.
  • Move: 18Move the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a low guarding block to B with a reverse knife-hand.
  • Move: 19Execute a forearm middle guarding block to A while forming a left L-stance toward A pivoting with left foot.
  • Move: 20Pull the left foot to the right knee joint to form a right one-leg stance toward D, at the same time lifting both fists while turning the face toward B.
  • Move: 21Execute a pressing kick to B with the left foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 20.
  • Move: 22Lower the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle side strike to B with the left knife-hand.
  • Move: 23Execute an angle punch with the right fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 24Execute a pressing block with the right, fore fist while executing a side front block with the left inner forearm, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 25Execute a pressing block with the left fore fist and a side front block with the right inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 26Execute a middle wedging block with the inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 27Thrust to C with the left back elbow supporting the left fore fist with the right palm keeping the face as it was in 26 while maintaining a sitting stance towards D.
  • Move: 28Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist slipping the right palm up to the left elbow joint while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 29Thrust to C with the right back elbow supporting the right fore fist with left palm, keeping the face as it was in 28 while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  • Move: 30Execute a left horizontal punch to B while maintaining a sitting stance toward D. Perform 24 through 30 in a continuous motion.
  • Move: 31Cross the right foot over the left foot forming a left X-stance toward D while executing a low front block to D with the left outer forearm and bringing the right finger belly on the left under forearm.
  • Move: 32Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B at the same time executing a U-shape grasp to B.
  • Move: 33Bring the right foot to the left foot forming a closed stance toward D while executing a horizontal thrust with a twin elbow, turning the face toward A. Perform in slow motion.
  • Move: 34Move the right foot to A to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the left back fist and extending the right arm to the side downward.
  • Move: 35Cross the left foot over the right foot forming a right X-stance toward D while executing a low front block with the right outer forearm and bringing the left finger belly to the right side fist.
  • Move: 36Move the right foot to A to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a low guarding block to A with a reverse knife-hand.
  • Po-Eun: EndBring the LEFT foot back to Parallel Ready Stance with Heavenly Hand (Hanalson)

Pattern Videos

Saju Jirugi, Saju Magki and Chon-Ji.

Rare International Tae Kwon-Do (ITF) video produced by General Choi.
You can see Grand Master Park Jung Tae, Grand Master Choi Jung Wha and other masters of the ITF performing tuls and explaining the movements of each Tul.

Po-Eun Tul performed by Jaroslaw Suska (5th Degree)

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The history of Po Eun

 

Po-Eun, also known as Mong Ju ChungPo-Eun, also known as Mong Ju Chung, was a scholar, poet, and faithful public servant for the King during the Koryo Dynasty. At the age of 23, he tool three different national qualifying examinations, which were used to select public servants, and received the highest scores on all three. He participated in various national projects because the king had much confidence in his wide knowledge and good judgment. From time to time, he also visited Japan and China as a diplomat for the king, and was most knowledgeable about human behavior. He also founded an institute devoted to the theories of Confucianism. He was a pioneer in the field of physics. Jong Mong Ju held the highest civil post in Koryo. Ri Song Gye, the first King of the Ri Dynasty, tried to win him over to his side, but Jong refused to betray Koryo. After Ri Song Gye was injured fter falling from his horse during hunting, Jong tried to have him killed but jailed. Later Ri Song Gye invited Jong to his house trying to convince him again to betray his lord. But Jong answered with a poem:

Even if, I may die, die a hundred times,
Even if my skeleton may become dust and dirt,
And whether my spirit may be there or not,
My single-hearted loyalty to the lord will not change.

Then Ri Song Gye realized he could not convince Jong. On the night of April 4, 1392, he sent an assassin to Sonjuk Bridge who brutally killed Jong Mong Ju with an iron hammer. This well-known scholar advocated loyalty to the Koryo Dynasty against the usurpers. Sonjuk Bridge is located about 1 km east of Nam Gate, being situated at the south foot of Mt. Janam, which rises on the city centre.

The small stone bridge dates from 1216. Later a bamboo grew up besides the bridge and from that the bridge got his name. In 1780 the bridge was closed for all traffic and since then it is a monument. After having got rid of Jong Mong Ju, Ri Song Gye succeeded in usurping the throne in July 1392.

The stone bridge has enjoyed the attention through generations. This became a historical bridge which hastened the replacement of the Koryo Dynasty by the Ri Dynasty. At first it was called Sonji but it was renamed as Sonjuk after his death remembering his “loyalty”. The red marks on the bridge seem to be his blood. Near the bridge are the Songin Monument, Kuksa Monument, Hama Monument and Phyochung Monument. The Songin Monument was built in 1641 in commendation of Jong Mong Ju for his “loyalty” and Kuksa Monument was erected in memory of the horse driver who died together with Jong Mong Ju. The Hama Monument was erected to Jong Mong Ju meaning that all passers-by should get off their horses.

The 474 year-old Koryo Dynasty ended with the death of Po-Eun, and was followed by the new Lee Dynasty. The death of Po-Eun symbolized faithful allegiance to the king.

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