Won Hyo Tul

Pattern Definition & Diagram

Won Hyo Diagram

Won Hyo Diagram

(28 Movements). Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD.

Full Pattern Details

Click the “next” and “previous” arrows on the image below to step through this pattern.

  • Ready: StartClose Ready stance A
  • Move: 1Move the left foot to B, forming a right L- stance toward B while executing a twin forearm block
  • Move: 2Execute a high inward strike to B with the right knifehand while bringing the left side fist in front of the right shoulder, while maintaining a right L - stance toward B
  • Move: 3Execute a middle punch to B with the left fist while forming a left fixed stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B
  • Move: 4Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to A, forming a left L- stance toward A while executing a twin forearm block
  • Move: 5Execute a high inward strike to A with the left knifehand while bringing the right side fist in front of the left shoulder, maintaining a left L - stance toward A
  • Move: 6Execute a middle punch to A with the right fist while forming a right fixed stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A
  • Move: 7Bring the right foot to the left foot, and then turn the face toward D while forming a right bending ready stance A toward D
  • Move: 8Execute a middle side piercing kick to D with the left foot
  • Move: 9Lower the left foot to D, forming a right L - stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knifehand
  • Move: 10Move the right foot to D, forming a left L - stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knifehand
  • Move: 11Move the left foot to D, forming a right L - stance toward D while executing a middle guarding block to D with a knifehand
  • Move: 12Move the right foot to D, forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle thrust to D with the right straight fingertip
  • Move: 13Move the left foot to E, turning counter-clockwise to form a right L - stance toward E, at the same time executing a twin forearm block
  • Move: 14Execute a high inward strike to E with the right knifehand, bringing the left side fist in front of the right shoulder while maintaining a right L - stance toward E
  • Move: 15Execute a middle punch to E with the left fist while forming a left fixed stance toward E, slipping the left foot to E
  • Move: 16Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to F, forming a L - stance toward F while executing a twin forearm block
  • Move: 17Execute a high inward strike to F with the left knifehand, bringing the right side fist in front of the left shoulder while maintaining a left L - stance toward F
  • Move: 18Execute a middle punch to F with the right fist while forming a right fixed stance toward F, slipping the right foot to F
  • Move: 19Bring the right foot to the left foot, and then move the left foot to C, forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a circular block to CF with the right inner forearm
  • Move: 20Execute a low front snap kick to C with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 19
  • Move: 21Lower the right foot to C, forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the left fist
  • Move: 22Execute a circular block to CE with the left inner forearm while maintaining a right walking stance toward C
  • Move: 23Execute a low front snap kick to C with the left fgoot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 22
  • Move: 24Lower the left foot to C, forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the right fist
  • Move: 25Turn the face toward C, forming a left bending ready stance A toward C
  • Move: 26Execute a middle side piercing kick to C with the right foot
  • Move: 27Lower the right foot on line CD, and then move the left foot to B, turning counter- clockwise to form a right L - stance toward B, at the same time executing a middle guarding block to B with the forearm
  • Move: 28Bring the left foot to the right foot, and then move the right foot to A, forming a left L- stance toward A while executing a middle guarding block to A with the forearm
  • Ready: EndBring the right foot back to ready posture

Pattern Videos

Saju Jirugi, Saju Magki and Chon-Ji.

Rare International Tae Kwon-Do (ITF) video produced by General Choi.
You can see Grand Master Park Jung Tae, Grand Master Choi Jung Wha and other masters of the ITF performing tuls and explaining the movements of each Tul.

The Story of Won-Hyo

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The history of Won-Hyo

Wonhyo (617 – 686) was one of the leading thinkers, writers and commentators of the Korean Buddhist tradition.

With his life spanning the end of the Three Kingdoms period and the beginning of the Unified Silla, Wonhyo played a vital role in the reception and assimilation of the broad range of doctrinal Buddhist streams that flowed into the Korean peninsula at the time. Wonhyo was most interested in, and affected by Tathagatagarbha, Yogacara and Hwaom thought. However, in his extensive scholarly works, composed as commentaries and essays, he embraced the whole spectrum of the Buddhist teachings which were received in Korea, including such schools as Pure Land, Nirvana, Sanlun and Tiantai (Lotus Sutra school).

He wrote commentaries on virtually all of the most influential Mahayana scriptures, altogether including over eighty works in over two hundred fascicles. Among his most influential works were the commentaries he wrote on the Awakening of Faith, Nirvana Sutra and Vajrasamadhi Sutra, along with his exposition on the meaning of the two hindrances, the ijangui. These were treated with utmost respect by leading Buddhist scholars in China and Japan, and served to help in placing the Awakening of Faith as the most influential text in the Korean tradition.

Wonhyo spent the earlier part of his career as a monk. In 661 he and a close friend – Uisang (625-702, founder of the Korean Hwaom school) – were traveling to China where they hoped to study Buddhism further. Somewhere in the region of Baekje the pair were caught in a heavy downpour and forced to take shelter in what they believed to be an earthen sanctuary. During the night Wonhyo was overcome with thirst, and reaching out grasped what he perceived to be a gourd, and drinking from it was refreshed with a draught of cool, refreshing water. Upon waking the next morning, however, the companions discovered much to their amazement that their shelter was in fact an ancient tomb littered with human skulls, and the vessel from which Wonhyo had drinken was in fact a human skull full of brackish water.

Moved by the experience of believing a gruesome site to be a comfortable haven, and skull of mildewy water a refreshing drink, Wonhyo was astonished at the power of the human mind to transform reality. After this “consciousness-only” enlightenment experience, he left the priesthood and turned to the spreading of the Buddhadharma as a layman. Because of this aspect of his character, Wonhyo ended up becoming a popular folk hero in Korea. He was a colleague and friend of the influential Silla Hwaom monk Uisang, and an important result of their combined works was the establishment of Hwaeom as the dominant stream of doctrinal thought on the Korean peninsula. Wonhyo’s twenty-three extant works are currently in the process of being translated into English as a joint project between Dongguk University and State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Wonhyo had a son, Seol Chong, who is considered to be one of the great Confucian scholars of Silla.


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